Thursday, August 27, 2020

Organization Need People or People Need Organization Essay Example For Students

Association Need People or People Need Organization Essay Authoritative Behavior PEOPLE NEED ORGANIZATION OR ORGANIZATION NEED PEOPLE SUBMITTED BY MONIKA RAJPUT MBA 1. Presentation Definitely association consistently works for its clients. Benefits of any association are just relying upon the no. of clients it have. So you can say that association needs individuals (as clients) for its legitimate development and maintainability. On the opposite side inquiry emerges that how an association work? Basic answer! The individuals working for the association make it to work. This gathering of individuals is known as workforce. Is it not the cut out of the same cloth which is consistently centers for the benefit, development and individual necessities whether it is an association or the individuals. Without individuals, association can't accomplish their objectives, and the other way around without association individuals can't satisfy their necessities and wants . So both the association and individuals are commonly reliant on one another. Let’s talk individually. 2. WHY ORGANIZATION NEED PEOPLE There are two manners by which an association needs individuals for its reality 1. As Customers 2. As workforce 1. AS CUSTOMERS With the expanded globalization of business sectors, rivalry among showcase players has gotten increasingly serious. In this serious market, one of the most significant elements is the accomplishment of consumer loyalty and greatness in administration. Despite the fact that the idea of consumer loyalty in client arranged administration isn't new, the connection among clients and companies has been changing practically every day. Clients are turning into the supreme substance for partnerships as an official choice creators for business arrangements and acquisition of items. All associations exist to serve a client. Clients are genuine individuals, not account numbers or endeavor names. Along these lines, client purchasing choices are regularly made for enthusiastic reasons. It is accordingly generally imperative to get clients, their degree of fulfillment, and their assessments of an endeavor, just as their assessments of its rivals, if the venture is to develop and improve its piece of the overall industry. SWOT examination can likewise assume a job in getting clients. Dwindle Drucker, the profoundly respected administration researcher and author, expressed, â€Å"The just legitimate meaning of business intention is to make a client. † Successful associations of things to come will be those that can give merchandise and enterprises to the clients who need it, where they need it, and in the amount and at the value they need it, along these lines charming as opposed to only fulfilling clients. Client enjoyment will prompt devotion, which is one of the basic pointers used to quantify the accomplishment of a showcasing procedure. Administrations can't, be that as it may, be performed without some type of connection between the maker and the buyer and can't be put away and held for later use in the manner run of the mill of numerous unmistakable products. Business partnerships put forth attempts to make and give their clients higher worth included, which comprises of components, for example, lower costs, extra advantages, and uniqueness in administrations. With fast advances in data and interchanges innovation, partnerships can exploit the developing IT frameworks to make foundation inside the association to improve responsiveness to client needs and to follow those requirements, consequently improving consumer loyalty altogether. Top administration ought to know about how to tap its intensity to upgrade client administrations, bringing about better help quality and smoothing out of procedures. Here is a model where you can find that why clients are significant for the presence of an organization or association Model 1: Auto insurance agencies require data about individuals who live with you Are vehicle back up plans permitted to require data about the individuals who live with you for your collision protection strategy? The general thought of a collision protection organization requesting such data from you may appear to be hostile. All things considered, what business is it of theirs, who lives in your houseâ€particularly on the off chance that you are the main individual driving the safeguarded vehicle? Insurance agencies must consider an assortment of components before deciding the last cost of your accident coverage strategy. Recollect that the protection supplier isn't just safeguarding the cost of the vehicle, yet in addition guaranteeing the government assistance and prosperity of every traveler engaged with an impact The insurance agency will demand that any individual who lives in a similar house, and who much of the time or sporadically works a similar vehicle as a protected driver, must be represented on the approach and should accept responsibility as a subsequent driver. Thusly, in the event that a kid is the fate of lawful age, at that point the insurance agency will as a rule demand that the person in question is authoritatively added to the strategy, except if they have their own different arrangement. Does the insurance agency reserve the option to get some information about different drivers in your home? Unquestionably. The insurance agency is attempting to choose if they need to put resources into your driving security. Likewise remember that the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) requires insurance agencies to request this data, as this demonstrates the organization to be an authentic and authorized protection supplier. Since the insurance agency is required to pose this inquiry, they should be offered a response relating to all individuals from the close family, and their driving history. This data will assist the organization with assigning an appropriate accident coverage rating, and will eventually choose the measure of hazard included. Continuously answer this inquiry honestly. Despite the fact that no one appreciates intrusive addressing, with regards to protection arrangements, these inquiries must be replied. All things considered, you as an essential driver need to unveil any potential situations to the insurance agency well ahead of time of an agreement being agreed upon. At whatever point an unexpected situation happens (something not recorded on the arrangement) at that point it is typically not secured. Not honestly addressing questions is equivalent to distortion. This will bring about a refusal everything being equal and a dropping of the strategy. So you may effectively presume that why association need individuals as clients. Let’s take one more model The showcasing idea and reasoning is perhaps the least difficult thought in advertising, and simultaneously, it is additionally one of the most significant promoting ways of thinking. At its very center are the client and their fulfillment. The showcasing idea and reasoning states that the association ought to endeavor to fulfill its clients needs and needs while meeting the associations objectives. In straightforward terms, the client is top dog. The ramifications of the promoting idea is significant for the board. It isn't something that the advertising division controls, nor is it the sole space of the promoting office. Or maybe, it is received by the whole association. From top administration to the most reduced levels and over all branches of the association, it is a way of thinking or method of working together. The clients needs, needs, and fulfillment ought to consistently be premier in each administrator and representatives mind. Wal-Marts maxim of fulfillment ensured is a case of the advertising idea. Regardless of whether the Wal-Mart worker is a bookkeeper or a clerk, the client is in every case first. Model 2: Selling theory of passage engine organization The Ford Motor Company is additionally a genuine case of the selling reasoning and why this way of thinking doesn't work in numerous occasions. Passage delivered and sold the Model T for a long time. During its creation, the car advertise pulled in more rivalry. Not exclusively did the opposition start to offer vehicles in different hues, the styling of the opposition was seen as current and the Model T got considered as antiquated. Henry Fords children knew about the adjustments in the car market and attempted to persuade their dad to adjust. In any case, Henry Ford was certain that his normalized low-value car was what the open required. Therefore, Ford went to showcasing methods to sell the Model T. It kept on selling, yet its piece of the pie started to drop. In the end, even Henry Ford needed to perceive buyer wants and present another model. The selling reasoning accept that a very much prepared and inspired deals power can sell any item. In any case, more organizations started to understand that it is simpler to sell an item that the client needs, than to sell an item the client doesn't need. At the point when numerous organizations started to understand this reality, the selling period offered route to the promoting time of the advertising idea and theory. 2. AS WORKFORCE An association is an arranged coordination of various individuals and their exercises for the accomplishment of some particular objectives through division of work and progressive system of power. The association is separated into unmistakable offices like promoting, creation, account, and work force and all the office need individuals who are ace in their fields and can accomplish association objectives and destinations. Representatives or laborers are the most basic variables of business. It is seen that the principle goal of practically all the association is benefit augmentation. So as to achieve greatest benefit and riches, association needs individuals with inventive and imaginative thoughts. Initiative Essay SummaryFor everyday endurance they need food, cover and so forth. For this they need associations which give them these. So individuals need these associations as clients for their requirements. In a word, what might occur if individuals lived independently? Associations are essential to our general public, since associations give us wellbeing, improve our comprehension, diminish pressure and most significant fulfill our day by day needs. EXAMPLE5: Shopping Malls for Purchasing Example which bolsters the reality individuals need association is the opening of any shopping center. Presently a day shopping centers are generally normal, we can see shopping centers even in little urban areas. So

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Critically evaluate the tests for certainty of objects in the law of Essay

Fundamentally assess the tests for assurance of items in the law of trusts and survey whether advancements in the last 50 years have had a positive or negative effect on the law - Essay Example The evaluation of conviction of articles is intricate in light of the fact that the test changes between simple forces, fixed trusts and optional trusts. The explanation behind recognizing the objects of trust is to guarantee that there is an individual who can implement trust against the trustee. Also, there must be somebody who can get an activity court on the off chance that the obligations of the trustee are not accomplished. The trust should likewise have the capacity of being executed in that when there is no human people to profit by the trust then the idea of trust becomes pointless2. Along these lines, when a recipient is expressly named in the trust deed there is no disarray with regards to the assurance of articles. In situations where an individual isn't unequivocally named in the trust deed, however the trust archive gives a portrayal of a person that should benefit from the trust property. Moreover, in the event that the depiction is clear and exact that it is a specific individual then this essential is fulfilled. In a conviction of items where the trust is made for a lot of individuals for instance, ‘my children’ this provision will succeed where it has been built up that there is satisfactory assurance to recognize every individual from the gathering/class of people3. At the point when a gathering of individuals are not obviously portrayed, characterized, or expressed in obscure terms their significance can be deciphered utilizing the theoretical vulnerability. Two tests that have been made to build up whether all people inside the gathering can be unmistakably perceived. They incorporate the class ascertainability test, which becomes possibly the most important factor where trustees make a total rundown of every person that comes extremely close to individuals to profit by trust. In spite of the fact that the courts don't have to realize the whole class so as to choose whether the trustees are choosing inside the gathering, in the event that the trustees don't do so then it must be said that the trustees are not practicing their obligations on the off chance that they have

Friday, August 21, 2020

Best Cheap Things to Do This Summer

Best Cheap Things to Do This Summer Best Cheap Things to Do This Summer By Annie Walton-Doyle The start of summer can be super exciting, especially as it means the stressful exam season is finally over. Summer often comes with one caveat, though â€" a very real lack of funds. It can seem like doing anything fun is depressingly out of reach, but that needn’t be the case.  Here are a bunch of cheap ways to have fun this summer without dipping into your bank account. Go to the park Luckily, city parks are often totally free for public use. Having a picnic is a great way to eat out for cheap, or you can take some games and make a sporty day of it. If you’d rather chill alone, take a book and a picnic blanket and catch some sun â€" it’s almost like being on holiday. Check out a museum Research free museums in your area. After a whole year of studying, you’ll find that some learning for pleasure can feel like a real luxury. Some exhibitions may cost a small amount of money, but fortunately a student discount can go a long way to making it more affordable. Look for vouchers There are a ton of voucher sites which can help you enjoy events you otherwise would never experience for a cut-price fee. From wine-tasting and food festivals to luxury beauty treatments, sites like Groupon and Wowcher have plenty of ways for you to save and try something new. Save money at the cinema with Meerkat Movies Meerkat Movies offers two-for-one cinema tickets for a year for anyone who purchases insurance through the site. At Vue cinemas, this can mean seeing a film for £2.50. What if you don’t need insurance? Well, you can use the site to buy a really cheap insurance policy for just one day and still qualify for a year’s worth of cheap movies. Any money you spend on the insurance will be made back almost instantly. Search Freecycle for fun new things for your house On Freecycle, people give away things they don’t need anymore â€" usually household items. If you comb through the site, you could end up finding things like barbeques, outdoor furniture or even trampolines, which can make staying home a lot more fun. Host a dinner party Speaking of staying home, a dinner party is a great, cost-effective alternative to a night out. Ask friends to bring a dish or a bottle so the cost is spread a bit more evenly, organize some parlor games and pretend to be an adult for the evening. Annie Walton-Doyle writes for Inspiring Interns, which specializes in sourcing candidates for  internships. To browse our  graduate jobs London listings, visit our website.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Autism Spectrum Disorder During Adolescence - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 1036 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2019/02/14 Category Medicine Essay Level High school Tags: Autism Essay Did you like this example? Adolescence is a challenging part of growing up . From entering high school , to hitting puberty, every teen goes through their own struggles during adolescence. Teens with Autism , have to encounter the same situations as other teens, from handling a ton of homework, to figuring out which friends to hang out with. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) , is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs the ability to socialize, and interact with others. Autism is a lifelong condition, that is most often detected in early childhood. ASD affects the nervous system , and while there is no exact answer as to what causes ASD , scientists believe it is due to a faulty gene passed onto the child , in early fetal development. There are other theories on what causes ASD , such as viruses the mother encountered, and chemical imbalances. When a person is diagnosed with Autism, they are placed on a spectrum , the â€Å"A Spectrum† , determines whether the person is High functioning, meaning their cognitive skills are not challenged, as much as a person a person who is considered low functioning . Low functioning Autism , is the most severe end of the spectrum. A person with low Functioning Autism has severe impairments to their cognitive skills. The main difference that separates where a person lands on th e spectrum , is based off their cognitive skills , and their IQ level. Everyones body changes during Puberty , and while most neurotypical teens are excited to experience this stage in their life , teens with Autism are most often alarmed , and upset, by the sudden changes to their lives . Puberty brings on many obstacles in a teenagers life, from having your body go through changes , not only physically , but also emotionally. Change is often a problem for autistic teenagers , because they are accustomed to a set schedule , and routine . Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Autism Spectrum Disorder During Adolescence" essay for you Create order Having a set routine, helps Autistic individuals create a stable order in their lives. While a neurotypical teenagers can deal with the morning rush of getting ready and heading off to school in a rush, an Autistic teenager will become overwhelmed by the interruption in their set order . When an Autistic individual relies on a set routine, it helps motivate them to follow through with tasks , which helps them deal with tasks such as doing their chores, or focusing on their homework. When that routine is interrupted , it upsets, overwhelms , and agitates people with autism, which makes it harder for them to get through their day with a positive mindset. Small things like having to pick up dinner last minute , because mom did not have time to finish the dinner she planned for the family that specific night, is just one thing that can upset a person with Autism. Having to know what is for dinner during the week, or what socks to wear with a specific outfit , even having to wear blue s neakers on Tuesday , are all examples of mannerisms that people with Autism do to help manage anxiety, and ADHD, because it helps decrease their impulsivity, and aggression . When a neurotypical individual has their schedule messed up , it also upsets, and agitates them, but they are faster to comprehend that they can still go throughout the day , even though it did not go exactly as planned , while an autistic person will most often become thrown off for the rest of their day. Making friends , and meeting people that you are attracted to are all parts of being a teenager, and trying to fit in , is one of the biggest struggles every single person encounters in high school. While trying to find friends that are genuine , and accept you can be hard , but it is even harder when someone has trouble understanding social cues . Studies show that students with autism are more likely to be excluded by their peers , because students do not typically reach out to introverted people, and they are less likely to talk to people outside of their friend group. Autistic teens have trouble finding friends, because they have a harder time picking up on social cues, and they typically refrain from reaching out to their peers, because they do not know how to communicate with them. Neurotypical individuals generally have an easier time making friends, and fitting in, because they have an easier time understanding social cues such as â€Å"kidding around†(Joking), or sarcasm. Going to the movies, football games, parties, and hanging out late at night at a fast food restaurant , are all things teenagers enjoy doing with the little bit of freedom their parents give them . Some Teenagers also look forward to sneaking around behind their parents backs to go to a party that their crush is throwing. These are all things that Autistic teenagers do not typically get to encounter, because they do not handle large crowds well (Due to loud noises and large groups of people, it becomes scary and overwhelming), they like to stay in a comfortable â€Å"zone† that includes following their routines, which include mom and dads house rules.Because Autistic individuals have a tough time comprehending cognitive skills, they may not understand why some teenagers laugh ,and smile when they are in class raving about the party they got drunk at saturday night , or going out passed curfew on friday night to drink your first beer with your friends. People with Autism, want to be treated just like everyone else, and they want to genuinely feel included by their peers. Just because a person is Autistic , does not mean that they cannot hang out with their friends, join the schools sports team, or go on a date with the person that they like. It is important to remember that everyone on the spectrum is different , so telling an autistic person something like, â€Å" my friends brother has Autism† , is not a very good conversation starter , because every person on the spectrum is vastly different from the next. Works Cited Sarris, M. (2013, July 23). Autism in the Teen Years: What to Expect, How to Help. Retrieved from Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). (2018, May 03). Retrieved from Hurst, M. (n.d.). Teenagers With Autism: Symptoms, Treatment, Help. Retrieved November 1, 2018, from

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Middle Childhood Is Very Important Time In A Child’S...

Middle childhood is very important time in a child’s life. This is the time when a child starts to look up to their peers and starts to accept the actions of their peers and starts to understand what true friendship is. Middle childhood is a difficult time in a child’s life, the child grows from a young teen into an adolescent, and the change emotionally is sometimes overwhelming. Children of this age start to worry about what people think about them and what they can do to please everyone, even if it’s not the right thing. With all that is going on for the child in these times it sometimes leads to drug use, rebellious acts, depression, and peer pressure. Children at these ages feel the need to please everyone around them and will do†¦show more content†¦Sentiment and dating enter the photo interestingly and sexual movement turns into an alternative. The impact of partners/relationships and different friends are still exceptionally solid, yet the s takes are higher. In this time mischief can be higher depending on the company that is held. Self-esteem and confidence are normal topics all through the whole life improvement cycle. In center youth, correlations are made to check whether capacities are up to saw measures. This runs in accordance with Erikson s formative phase of industry versus mediocrity. How great a young person trusts coincides with how great they are at given errands. As pre-adulthood approaches, the concentration shifts from what they do to their identity. The part one plays in the public eye turns out to be more imperative whether it be in standard culture or some counterculture. A man s way of life, and age can impact egocentrism, adolescents trust that their appearance and conduct is under the watch of others. The other idea is the individual tale, which supplements the nonexistent crowd. The nonexistent group of onlookers moves toward becoming overcome with how youngsters look and act and how exceptional and uncommon they are. The youthful trusts that they are by one means or another interminable and unique. The individual tale has the immature trusting that nobody else comprehends or trusts that nobody else has ever been in this situation. The individual tale

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay about Understanding Depression - 1037 Words

The term depression is widely misused in today’s society. All human beings experience periods in life where they are sad for a relatively short period of time, which is considered normal. Those who experience sadness for extended periods may be suffering from depression. Two terms used to reference the classifications of depression, are Major Depressive Disorder, and Dysthymia. Individual diagnosis of these classifications is dependent on the length of time, and severity of symptoms experienced by the individual. The causes for these depressive states can be due to genetics or the insufficient production of neurotransmitters, which provide the brain with the data necessary to regulate ones psychological well being. Two examples†¦show more content†¦The purpose of following story is to introduce the symptoms of depression and an appropriate method to provide positive intervention to help one who may be suffering from a depressive state. The ability to recognize t he symptoms of depression, and how to address the situation can mean the difference between life and death. Marybeth and Kenny had been friends for as long as they could remember. They were like peas and carrots always together. If you saw Kenny, you saw Marybeth and vice versa. As they grow into young teenagers, this friendship continued. Approaching their senior year in High school, they began to discuss what colleges they would like to attend. Being from the rural city of Bumpus Mills in the Blue Grass state of Kentucky, they both had visions of seeing the world and wanted to attend the University of Kentucky (UK), Located in Boiling Green. Their imaginations ran wild with what life would be like in the big city. As the year, progressed Kenny and Marybeth excelled in their studies, and submitted their applications for acceptance to UK. After several weeks Marybeth received her letter of acceptance. Immediately, she ran next door to Kenny’s house and asked if he had received his letter. Kenny with a sad face expressed that he had received his letter, but the University denied his application. Marybeth consoled Kenny, as he was her, best friend andShow MoreRelatedUnderstanding And Treating Depression1662 Words   |  7 PagesDecember 17, 2015 Understanding and Treating Depression Americans are obsessed with happiness, yet increasingly depressed. A dominant theme in our society is that you should be happy, and if you are not, there is something wrong with you. Life can be difficult at times and people do not seem to realize that everyone has different circumstances. There are about 15 million Americans that battle the disease of depression. Our society is in the throes of a virtual epidemic of depression (Psychology today)Read MoreUnderstanding Clinical Depression770 Words   |  4 Pagesour life’s, however depression is different from this occasional feelings. Depression affects everything in your life and performing easy task and daily activities become hard, you have trouble seeking the positive things and you stuck yourself in the negative side. One question we might all ask will be how do we know if we are depressed or simply just sad? In order to answer that question we first need to understand the definition of depression, in medical news today depression is defined as.† ARead More Understanding the Great Depression Essay2842 Words   |  12 PagesIt was in 1929 that industrial production declined, business slumped and depression began in the United States. Rising unemployment, falling incomes, increasingly underutilized capacity, the drop in primary-product prices and the collapse of international trade combined to depress the international economy. 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This essay will evaluate this model ability to understand depression and anxiety, addiction, and dementia, and will show that in some cases of mental problems, the biopsychosocial perspective is not the appropriate tool for explaining these problems. Firstly, this approach is crucial for understanding depression and anxiety, and the case of Neha’s depression is an example. Socially, she suffered a divorce and her parents’ death (Toates, 2010, p18). PsychologicallyRead More Understanding Depression Essay examples2089 Words   |  9 Pagesmelancholy people that are all looking for happiness and disappointed with what we find? Leaving us in a state of depression and unstableness. Turning us into not only a society of dismal people, but people that are left spiritless and melancholic? In today’s society depression is referred to as the â€Å"common cold of the mental health problems.† More than 5 percent of Americans have depression, that equates to an astonishing 15 million people. It is said that 1 out of every 6 people has had a â€Å"major†Read MoreEssay on Understanding Depression: Family Systems Theory3654 Words   |  15 PagesDepression is classified as a mood disorder by the DSM-IV (1994) and is defined as a mental illness characterized by sadness, general apathy, a loss of self-esteem, feelings of guilt, and, at times, suicidal tendencies (Lexicon, n.d). Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses that individuals receive treatment for today. In any six-month period, 9.4 million Americans, and 340 million people in the world, suffer from this disease. One in four women and one in 10 men will develop depressionRead MoreUnit 81196 Words   |  5 Pagesdeal with accidents, injuries and emergency situations, dealing wit h blood and other body fluids, reporting procedures, understanding moving and handling procedures and understanding how to use mechanical or electrical equipment. 1.3 analyse the main health and safety responsibilities of: Self: we have to take care of our own health and safety at all times. Understanding relevant legislation and agreed ways of working. Make sure we have relevant training and make sure you wear correct PPE

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Medical and Family Law

Questions: Part A: Medical Law (a) Ever since she won 2m. On the National Lottery last month, the three-months pregnant Miss Wirewaist, aged 30, has been smoking like a chimney and drinking vodka like a fish. She has also been ignoring all medical advice given her. She wants to know whether, in order to protect the life of the foetus (her unborn child), she can lawfully be compelled to stop smoking and drinking alcohol. Advise her. (b) Miss Wirewaist has also expressly stated that she does not want her hospital, where she attends for treatment for her knee, to use her medical records for the purposes of research and annual audit, unless she is paid a generous fee. Advise her and the hospital authorities. (c) Mrs. Stricta has just found out that her family doctor, Dr. Conscience, has put her 15-year-old daughter, May, on contraceptive pills without her (Mrs. Stricta)s consent. Mrs. Stricta is furious and wants to take legal action against Dr. Conscience. Advise Mrs Stricta. Part B: Family Law It is impossible to provide a single definition of marriage. Indeed, one approach is to say that one cannot define marriage because marriage is whatever the parties to a marriage take it to mean. Discuss the ways in which the law seeks to provide a viable definition of marriage within family law. Answer: Part A: Medical Law: (a) The given case states that Miss Wirewaist, is a pregnant women who is continuously involved in smoking and drinking. This activity is extremely harmful for her health and primarily for the health of her fetus. According to the Congenital Disabilities (Civil Liability) Act 1976 if a child is born disabled a third party defendant can be sued for damages for those disabilities when they are caused by the defendants tortious act. The act provides that if disabilities of child are a result of the wrongful act of parent, then the mother is also responsible. However, in the case of S v St. Georges Hospital, the Court of Appeal stated that until a fetus is born it has no rights that prevail against the mothers rights. This landmark Women's charities warn court case was brought by the local government authorities in UK where a six-year old girl was affected by fetal alcohol syndrome due to her mothers excessive drinking. One of the vital issues in the case was that the fetus has a different legal and biological entity and hence can be considered as a victim of crime. The council held that the mother had committed a crime under the Offences Against the Persons Act 1861 for drinking during her pregnancy. In this case the court of Appeal held that any young child is not entitled to any criminal injuries compensation due to the drinking habits of the mother while she was pregnant. The Court further stated that any pregnant mother who is drinking heavily despite knowing of the possible harm to her child will not be held guilty of any criminal offence under the laws of the country even if the child is subsequently born damaged. Hence the advice that should be given to Miss Wirewaist is that presently after the decision of the court of appeals there is no law that forces pregnant women to quit smoking or drinking. (b) Miss Wirewaist attends treatment for her knee in a hospital and she expects that the hospital would not use her medical records for the purpose of research or audit unless a generous fee has been given to her. According to the Good Clinical Practice standards presently GCP has become a legal obligation in UK. The laws state that informed consent is required from all the participants before any research is done and adequate information about the benefits and risks should be given to the patients. According to Medicines for Human Use (Clinical Trials) Regulations 2004 a favorable opinion needs to be obtained from the ethics committee and licensing authority. Hence accordingly, hospital does not have any right to use the medical records of Miss. Wirewaist without the Miss Wirewaists permission and in accordance to her terms. (c) With regard to the consent of the parent for giving contraceptives to the child a rule developed as to whether a child of 16 years or younger has the capacity to consent to her medical treatment without parental knowledge. In the case of Gillick v West Norfolk and Wisbech Area Health Authority [1985], a health departmental circular advised the doctors on the contraception of minors. The released circular stated that the contraception prescription was at the discretion of the doctor such could be prescribed without parental consent. The House of Lords ruled in the case that the issue consent was more vital than the rights of the parents. Other than safeguarding the interests of the minor the parents rights did not exist and it was held that a minor has the right to consent and parents cannot veto such consent. Hence accordingly, in the given case, Mrs. Stricta cannot take legal actions against Dr. Conscience according to the prevailing medical laws in the United Kingdom. Part B: Family Law Some of the basic elements of a family are marriage or the relationship between two adults, the presence of children, resource sharing, continuity over time and the connections with other kin. Throughout the years the definition of marriage and how marriage observed by different generations has gone through a number of changes. With the changes in the conception of marriage the laws relating to marriage has also undergone changes. The United Kingdom has marriage laws that recognize all forms of marriage including civil and religious unions. The marriage laws are applicable to the opposite sex as well as the same sex couples. According to the rules of marriage in United Kingdom, the minimum age to enter into a valid marriage is sixteen years. However, till the age of eighteen the consent of the parents is necessary. In the case of religious marriages in most cases it is conducted by religious celebrants who are authorized to do so and civil marriages are conducted generally by the state registrar. In England and Wales the marriage laws are quite separate from other jurisdiction. Till the 18th century marriages were allowed to take place in any place as long as they were conducted by the appropriate clergyman from the Church of England. As a result of this a number of secret marriages used to take place during these times and those were often bigamous. The Civil Partnership Act was passed in 2004 and that gave the couples from the same sex the legal rights and responsibilities similar to that of the married heterosexual couples. The Act further states the formal procedures that is necessary for the dissolution of the partnerships similar to the rules of divorce. Later in the year 2013, the parliament passed the Same Sex Marriage Act that legalized the same sex marriage in England and Wales. In order to incorporate all the different forms of marriage and regulations in these categories the United Kingdom has elaborate laws that intend to cover all the important aspects in relation to marriage. One of the early laws relating to marriage was the Marriage Act 1949 that governed all the formalities essential for entering a legally enforceable marriage. The Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 states that a marriage can be brought to an end in accordance with section 11 where grounds are provided for the marriage to be void and in accordance to section 12 which states the grounds for the marriage to be voidable. The Family Law Act 1996 provides for the modernized divorce laws and nullity as a remedy was abolished in the country. The regulations on marriage also include the Forced Marriage Protection Act 2007 which attempts to legitimize the children born who are born out of voidable marriages. This includes those children who were born out of void marriages where at least one parent believed the marriage to be valid during the time of conception. The divorce laws are also provided which gives a number of grounds on which divorce can be sought. Divorce can be sort as a result of no consummation resulting from incapacity, result of non-consummation resulting from refusal. This clause is subject to the fact that marriage must have happened and ordinary completion of intercourse. Divorce can also be given resulting from lack of consent due to mistake, duress, unsoundness of the mind, or due to identity or the parties or the nature of ceremonies. Divorce can also be sought under section 12 (d) for mental disorder, under section 12 (e) for venereal disease and under section 12 (f) for pregnancy per alium. Hence it can observed from the laws relating to marriage and divorce that the family laws in United Kingdom intend to construe a feasible definition of marriage through these rules and regulations that meet the demands of the present and future generations. 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